I just wrote that Jesus’ spirit  descended into hell where He preached to the spirits of those who had died in the flood of Noah’s day. Let us now review the events leading up to the flood.  Genesis 6 first introduces the scenario of the times:

  • people began to multiply in the earth and they had sons and daughters
  • There were giants in the earth in those days and and they became mighty men of renown after they intermarried with the sons of God.
  • the intermarriage of the sons of God with women signalled the beginning of great wickedness in the earth (Gen 6: 1-6). This was aggravating especially because they lived for hundreds of years so that the earth became filled with violence.
  • God not only became displeased, but repented that He had made man.

Who were these sons of God?

This phrase (and/or son of God) occurs in several scriptures:

a. In the Old Testament

  • the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were beautiful (Gen 6: 2)
  • There were giants (nĕphiyl/ Nephilim/H5307) in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare [children] to them, the same [became] mighty men which [were] of old, men of renown (Gen 6: 4). According to Strong’s, the word Nephilim/nĕphiyl (H5307) also matches  the word giants (H5303)  which is used in Gen 6: 4 and Numbers 13: 33).
  • Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD (Job 1: 6; 2: 1).
  • Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation? Tell me, if you understand . .. when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy? (Job 38:4, 7 )
  • “Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted. In the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ they will be called sons of the living God.’ (Hosea 1: 10; Rom 9: 26)

b. In the New Testament

  • Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God (Matt 5:9)
  • Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God (Luke 3: 38).
  • but as many as received Him, to them gave He  power (of authority and privilege) to become the sons of God, even as many as believed on His name (John  1: 12)
  • because those who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God (Rom 8: 14)
  • The creation waits in eager expectation for the sons of God to be revealed (Rom 8: 19)
  • You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus (Gal 3: 26).

Possible interpretations

a. The “son of God” referred to Adam who was created in the likeness of God.

Apostle Luke referred to Adam as the “son of God”. I believe he did so because Adam was the first human created.  We must pay attention to the fact that Adam was created in the “image and likeness” of God and that he was perfect, like God, before the fall. This is confirmed by the scriptures saying that man was created in the likeness of God in the day that he was created (Gen 5: 1). However, after the fall, man had the propensity to sin and this was reflected in Cain’s hatred and envy of his brother which eventually led to the first murder. Scriptures later began to describe the human offspring as resembling their parents, rather than God, in character.   Genesis 5: 3 says that that “Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat [a son] in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth”. Adam was no longer pure and sinless and his son Seth was born in the

However, it appears that Seth (a replacement for Abel) made a choice to walk with God, because men began to call on God after his son Enos was born. The use of the term “men” implies that the human race had begun to multiply. It is likely that the Seth and his family were worshippers.

There is another connotation in the usage of the term “son of God” in the Old Testament. God viewed the disobedient Jews as alien to Him. In the prophecy to Hosea, the disobedient Jews were alien to Him because they were  worshipping demons. God told the Prophet that they would be called sons of the Living God when they repented. Those who are not sons of God have aligned themselves with the devil and he is their father, as Jesus  told the Jews (Jn 8: 44)

b. “Sons of God” refers to angels 

God Himself made reference to the “sons of God” being present at the foundation of the earth. Since Adam had not yet been created, God was clearly speaking about the angels. Following their rebellion, satan and his angels were cast out of heaven.

The writer of the book of Job also referred to the “sons of God” presenting themselves before the Lord and Satan ALSO appearing with them.  Satan is a prodigal son and he does appear in the presence of God, not to do good, but to resist and accuse the saints. We saw this clearly in his opposition of Job. In his vision, Prophet Zechariah also saw him standing at God’s right hand to resist the high priest Joshua (Zech 3: 1).

We need to pay attention to the scriptures which show that satan presents him self before God because of  the repitition of  this truth in Job 1: 6 and 2: Note that the exact words are used for emphasis.  Does he thinks that he is a son of God? However, Job 1: 12 shows that he went forth from the presence of  God to do evil.

c. Sons of God walk with God and  reflect His character

This is the New Testament picture of those who believe in Jesus. They are restored to the position of power and authority that Adam held in the earth and they also reflect the image of God. They are filled with and led by the Holy Spirit even as Abraham, Moses,  Jesus and other men and women of faith in scriptures. 

More coming. Please keep on reading!