I would like to examine more of the biblical usage of the term hell, but the Lord is urging me to move on. I ended the previous post by asking what David meant  in Psalm 16: 10 when he said “… thou wilt not leave my soul in hell (Sheol) ; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.”

This verse is a mainstay for those who believe that the saints who died before Christ went down to sheol. I beg to differ, however, and to show that Psalm 16: 10 was written prophetically about Jesus and must therefore be interpreted in light of its fulfillment in New Testament scriptures. 

Parallel scriptures for Psalm 16: 10 are found in Acts 2: 27 and Acts 13: 35:

Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:

Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:

Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.

For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved:

Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope:

Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance

Men [and] brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.

Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;

He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.

This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.

Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.

For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

Until I make thy foes thy footstool.

Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ (Acts 2: 22-36).

I reccomend therefore that we interpret Psalm 16: 10 in light of the complete explanation given in the New Testament. Under the influence of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost, Apostle Peter explained  that God’s plan of salvation was predetermined. It included the life, crucifixion and resurrection of Lord Jesus.  Acts 2: 24 says that it was impossible for the pangs of death to hold him.

Apostle Peter then  made direct reference to David’s prophecy in Psalm 16, showing clearly that it referred to the resurrection of the Holy One Jesus:

“let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.

Therefore being a prophet…

he foresaw and spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption” (Acts 2: 29, 30, 31).

 Halelujah. Did Jesus descend into hell? Yes He did. Here is the truth:

  • He is the first begotten from the dead (Rev 1: 5).
  • He is the one “that liveth, and was dead” (rev 1: 18)
  • He is alive for evermore (Rev 1: 18)
  • He holds the keys of hell and of death (Rev 1: 18).