Epithymia is the word that Jesus used in Mark 4: 19 for when He spoke of “the lusts the lusts  of  other things  entering in, choke   the word and it becometh unfruitful”.   The word lust can be generally defined as “desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust” (blueletterbible.org).  The word  epithymia  is used as follows in the New Testament:


1. Jesus identified lusts as the fruit in the lives of those whose father is the devil. You are the child of the one   you obey. Jesus identified lusts as murder and lying because the devil is a murderer and a liar (Jn 8: 44)

2. Apostle Paul spoke of sexual uncleanness as a lust and in particular the issue of homosexuality (Rom 1: 24)

3. Any sin  committed in the body is lust (Rom 6: 12; Rom 7: 8; Gal 5: 6)

4. covetousness (Rom 7: 7)

5. Lusts bring about corruption or death e.g HIV etc (Eph 4: 22)

6. uncleanness , inordinate affection, evil  concupiscence, and covetousness, which  is idolatry  (Col 3: 5).  The Greek words for these concepts indicate the following:

  • Uncleanness  refers to the impurity of lustful, luxurious, profligate living, impure motives
  • inordinate affection  means depraved passion, vile passions
  • evil concupiscence to desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust
  • Colossians 3: 5 teaches that idolatry is a craving after another god

7. The lust for riches can cause people to fall into snares (1 TIm 6: 9)


Blessings and more to come