Secret 1 is that the Hebrew word for Garden reveals extensive information related to the meaning of  the Garden of Eden

 There are exciting, hidden secrets in the scripture  regarding the Garden of Eden and I want to share some today. I’ve written previously about the Garden that God planted East of Eden. It was a place with tall, leafy trees and a river that kept the area well watered.

Gan (H1588) is the Hebrew word for “garden.”  Gan refers to an enclosed, fenced place where trees and herbs are planted.  The Garden of  Eden was also the location of the two prime trees:

  • The Tree of Life
  • Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil
  • Please read about the meanings of these trees


The meaning of the Hebrew word for Garden

Beginning at Genesis  2: 8, I followed the Hebrew word gan in order to find other garden references and to paint the picture about the Parable of the Garden of Eden:


a. Other kinds of fruits grown in the Garden of  Eden

In the previous post, I wrote about some of the trees grown in the Garden of Eden. The usage of gan in scripture reveals that a wide variety of  other fruits and exotic spices were also grown in  Eden. These included:

  • pomegranateschoice fruits, henna and nard, saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with every kind of incense tree, with myrrh and aloes and all the finest spices.” (Solomon 4: 13 & 14).
  • Herbs (1 Kings 21: 2).
  • Lilies (Songs of Solomon 6: 2)
  • Nuts (Solomon 6: 11)
  • Vines (Solomon 6: 11)
  • Cucumbers (Isaiah 1: 11)


 b. A garden was also a fragrant, exotic place  

  • It was a “bed of spices” (Solomon 6: 2)
  • King Solomon spoke of the fragrance that would emanate from his garden when the south wind blew on the exotic spice trees (Solomon 4: 16)
  • Other Kings kept gardens in their palaces (1 Kings 21: 2 & 18; 2 Kings 25: 4; Esther 1: 5; Nehemiah 3: 15).
  • King Ahab envied Naboth’s choice garden and killed him in order to acquire it (1 Kings 21).
  • Eden was fragrant and exotic


c. People were compared to enclosed gardens

  • King Solomon compared his virgin wife to a “private garden, my treasure, my bride! You are like a spring that no one else can drink from, a fountain of my own” (Solomon 4: 12).
  • He further compared his  wife to an intoxicating, fragrant garden of spices
  • An enclosed garden refered to a state of  sexual and moral purity.
  • This was fragrance that emanated from Adam and  Eve and made them clean.
  • They lost the fragrance of God’s purity when they sinned and became filled with the knowledge of evil.
  • God exiled Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden because they had access to the knowledge of evil.
  • Eden was also an “enclosed” or fenced place; inferring that it had territorial boundaries.


d. Geographical locations were compared to gardens:  Eden is LAND  in the east of earth and not just a garden

Moses compared the land of Egypt to a garden of herbs where the Jews where you planted your seed and irrigated it by foot.   On the converse, he compared the land of Israel to “a land that floweth with milk and honey… a land of hills and valleys, and drinketh water of the rain of heaven.”  This is a figurative reference to the fruitfulness, wealth and prosperity of the Land of Israel (Deuteronomy 11: 9, 11 & 11:10).

Based on this comparison, we can infer that Eden was a geographic region called “land” in the scripture.  This is revealed in the Creation sequence.

The sequence of the Creation reveals that on Creation Day 3:

  • God first caused the earth to emerge from under water then planted grass, herbs and trees. He defined and named geographic regions, one of which was  Eden (Genesis 1: 11 & 12)
  • We know this because God “suddenly” introduced a place called Eden. This is the FIRST geographic location named in scripture (Genesis 2: 9)
  • He then told us that He “planted a garden eastward in Eden”. We see that God compared  Eden to a garden (Genesis 2: 8) 
  • Four major, large rivers emerged from the Garden of Eden to nourish FOUR geographic regions.
  • The river in the garden was not a small stream.
  • Adam and Eve were then created on day 6 and assigned to live in the Garden of Eden
  • Eden is a beautiful,  picturesque and fruitful location which God called a “Garden” and which scriptures refer to as “the Garden of the Lord”
  • Eden was His spa, hang – out, liming spot, place for relaxing in the earth 
  • It is no surprise that God referred to a geographic region as a “Garden”.  Earth is a tiny blob to God and He refers to it as a “field” (Genesis 3: 1) and a pasture (Psalm 100: 3).
  • Earth’s inhabitants look like grasshoppers to Him (Isaiah 40: 22)

Creation Day 3

And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry [land] appear: and it was so.

 And God called the dry [land] Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that [it was] good

And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, [and] the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed [is] in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

And the earth brought forth grass, [and] herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed [was] in itself, after his kind: and God saw that [it was] good (Genesis 1: 9-12)

Creation Day 6

And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul

And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed (Genesis 2: 8 & 9).

The judgment of Cain strengthens the truth that Eden was a large geographic region in the East of Earth. God exiled him from the family home and he went:

  • East of  the land of Eden to live in a land called Nod (Genesis 4: 16)
  • He started a family and built cities in the Land of Nod

Blessings and more to come!