1. Introduction to Abraham

Abraham (initially called Abram), first appeared in scriptures in Genesis 11: 27-31.  He was a descendant of Noah’s son Shem. His father was Terah and brothers Nahor and Haran. My calculations from scripture show that he was born in 1948 BCE. Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldees or modern day Iraq (Genesis 11: 28).  Moses also referred to Abraham as a Syrian (Deut 26:5). This was borne out later when Jacob’s parents sent him back to  Padan- a – ram in Syria to the home of Laban, brother of his mother Rebekah (Gen 28: 1-2; Gen 31: 24).

Abram married Sarai and emigrated with his father Terah a place called Haran in the Land of Canaan. His brother Haran had already died and Nahor remained in Ur of the Chaldees or Mesopotamia.

2. God called Abraham at age 75 years and established a Covenant with him.

God called Abraham at age 75 and told him to leave his geographic location, relatives and his father’s home and to go to the Land of Canaan. He then gave Abraham a promise:

  1. I will make you a great nation
  2. I will bless you
  3. I will make your name great
  4. You will be a blessing
  5. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you
  6. All the families of the earth will be blessed because of you

Abraham believed the Promise, agreed and showed agreement by leaving Haran with his wife, possessions and servants. When he arrived in the Land of Canaan, the Lord appeared to him and added a new part to the agreement. He promised to give the land to Abraham’s descendants (Genesis 12: 7).   At the time, Sarah his wife was 10 years younger and barren (Genesis 17: 17). However, Abraham believed God and built an altar of worship to Him.

There is something unspoken and unwritten in the text. This is the nature of the relationship between God and Abraham. The dialogue and subsequent actions of each party tell us that God and Abraham had established an unwritten Covenant with each other. In this agreement, Abraham would OBEY and God would keep the Promises based on Abraham’s obedience.

Here is one example. Shortly after leaving Haran, Abraham entered the Land of Canaan and set up residence in Moreh. He built an altar to God and would offer sacrifices as an act of worship. He moved from Moreh and went to a mountain located between Bethel and Hai. Again he built a place of worship to God and called upon the name of the Lord (Gen 12: 6-8). Abraham kept his part of the unwritten Covenant agreement to be an obedient worshipper of God.

God also kept His part of the  Covenant to bless Abraham. There was a famine in the land and Abraham went down to Egypt. Fearing for his life, he told his wife to tell the Egyptians that they were not married. Pharaoh, true to form, asked Abraham for her, paid a handsome dowry and took her into his home (Genesis 12: 11-18). I am not condoning Abraham’s actions. Neither did God. Abraham had  placed Sarah in a situation where she became a polygamist. This was the order of the day and Abraham was still young in faith. However, God protected him and plagued Pharaoh’s house. Pharaoh got the message and released his wife to him.

Apostle Paul later explained to  us by revelation, that Abraham had acted in faith when he left his familiar surroundings for a strange country. He confirmed that Isaac and Jacob were heirs of the Promise made by God and that Abraham prophetically looked for a city with foundations, whose builder and maker is God (Hebrews 11: 8 – 10).

Abraham knew that the inheritance was not a material and physical one, but an eternal one in the heavens. Through his faith and obedience, he therefore prophesied to us about the heavenly inheritance that God has in store for those who believe. Abraham also prophesied about the holy and heavenly Jerusalem where God is worshipped (Revelation 21). Scriptures state that only those written in The Lamb’s Book of Life will enter heaven (Revelation 21: 27).  Jesus is the Lamb.