1. Archangel Gabriel gave Daniel a formula for the countdown

In 539 BC, during the first year of the reign of  Darius, Daniel found a record of Jeremiah’s prophecy about the 70 year duration of the desolation of Jerusalem. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon  had destroyed the city and the Temple in 586 BC. As Daniel prayed, Archangel Gabriel appeared and spoke with him about the prophecy:



Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy (Daniel 9: 24)

2. What are the components of this prophecy?


When the prophecy is dissected, we see that Archangel Gabriel gave the following elements in His prophecy:

  1. the prophecy would be fulfilled in seventy weeks in order to
  2. finish the transgression
  3. make an end of sins
  4. reconcile for iniquity or sins
  5. bring in everlasting righteousness
  6. seal up the vision and prophecy
  7. anoint the Most Holy

3. The explanation of each component of Archangel Gabriel’s prophecy



a. The fulfillment of the prophecy in seventy weeks


Archangel Gabriel actually gave Daniel a formula in which:

  1. 70 weeks = 70 years
  2. 1 week = 1 year

This formula was a reference to Daniel’s discovery that 70 years would have to be fulfilled in the desolations of Jerusalem (Daniel 9: 2).  Why did Archangel Gabriel speak about weeks rather than years?  He did so because:

  1. The prophecy would not end with the rebuilding of the temple.
  2. Each component of the prophecy had to be fulfilled as scheduled.
  3. the prophetic events would be fulfilled in 70 year cycles
  4. 70 referred to New Sabbaths of rest for the land, which God had instituted in order to allow the land to rest for hundreds of years of pollution (2 Chronicles 36:  21).  God had sent the Jews into the 70 year captivity as punishment for their sins.
  5. Ordinarily, the nation celebrated a release every 7th and 49th year, during which the  land was rested. These releases did not take place, indicating that Hebrew servants  remained in bondage to their employers. As far as God was concerned, this was the height of injustice.
  6. More importantly, the failure to keep these Sabbaths of  Rest were symptoms of the deeper rebellion and sin in the nation.  Jeremiah was commanded rebuke to King Jehoiakim for following the example of his forefathers and for failing to keep the 7th year Sabbaths (Jeremiah   34: 8-17).
  7. God was forced to institute a longer 70 year period of rest  following the Creation pattern. Creation was a one time event. The lesson is that the events in the 70year periods would be one time and would not recur again.
  8. The Messiah would therefore come once as prophesied to suffer for sins and give rest to His people, as prophesied by Archangel Gabriel. However, the Jews missed that opportunity, crucified Him and had to bear the burden for that sin of unbelief. They did not enter into spiritual or physical rest.
  9. Apostle Paul wrote a detailed explanation about the symbolism of “rest” in Hebrews 3 & 4.

Keep in touch. More to come.


Time of His Birth