1. God defined the boundaries or coasts of the nation of Israel to Apostle Moses

In today’s post, we will explore the Biblical revelation on the territorial boundaries of the Nation of Israel.  God defined the boundaries of their inheritance for Moses prior to re – entry in the Land of  Canaan.  :

Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land of Canaan; (this [is] the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, [even] the land of Canaan with the coasts thereof:  (Numbers 34: 2).

God gave the commandment close to the end of the forty year period of  wandering in the wilderness and just prior Moses’ death. This was the end of the year 2708 from Creation. Israel entered Canaan on the first month of the Jewish New Year :

And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first [day] of the month, [that] Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them (Deuteronomy 1: 3)

After Moses’ death, God told Joshua:

From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast  (Joshua 1: 4).

The nation of Israel miraculously crossed the river Jordan and entered the Land of their inheritance on the tenth day of the first month of the Jewish New Year in the 2708th year after Creation:

And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD were come up out of the midst of Jordan, [and] the soles of the priests’ feet were lifted up unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks, as [they did] before.

And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth [day] of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho  (Joshua 4: 18 & 19).

2.  God reminded Prophet Ezekiel about the national boundaries or coasts of  Israel

On the tenth day of the  Jewish New Year, during the twenty fifth year of the Babylonian captivity, God reminded Prophet Ezekiel about the boundaries of  Israel.    The revelation came on the commemoration of the entry into the Promised Land in the Year 2708 after Creation. 

Day 10 of the Jewish New Year  was significant because God had commanded the nation to set aside an unblemished lamb was set aside on the tenth day for sacrifice on the evening of the fourteenth day.  God killed all the firstborn of Egypt on midnight of that fourteenth day (Exodus 12:  3 – 13).  That month was  Jewish Abib or Gregorian April:

Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth [month], in the fifth [day] of the month, as I [was] among the captives by the river of Chebar, [that] the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.

In the fifth [day] of the month, which [was] the fifth year of king Jehoiachin’s captivity  (Ezekiel 1: 1 & 2)

In the five and twentieth year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, in the tenth [day] of the month, in the fourteenth year after that the city was smitten, in the selfsame day the hand of the LORD was upon me, and brought me thither.

In the visions of God brought he me into the land of Israel, and set me upon a very high mountain, by which [was] as the frame of a city on the south.

And he brought me thither, and, behold, [there was] a man, whose appearance [was] like the appearance of brass, with a line of flax in his hand, and a measuring reed; and he stood in the gate (Eze 40: 1 – 3)

Thus saith the Lord GOD; This [shall be] the border, whereby ye shall inherit the land according to the twelve tribes of Israel: Joseph [shall have two] portions.

And ye shall inherit it, one as well as another: [concerning] the which I lifted up mine hand to give it unto your fathers: and this land shall fall unto you for inheritance (Ezekiel 47: 13 – 14)

3. What was the timeline of  Prophet Ezekiel’s visions?

We need to pay attention to the timeline since the revelation about Israel’s territorial boundaries came hundreds of  years after the first one given by Apostle Moses.   Let us review the timeline of the  captivity for greater clarity. Two Kings of Israel had been taken into captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar as a result of their sin.  They were:

a. Jehoiakim = captives taken in 605 BC

He began to reign in 608 BC which was  3695 years after Creation. The city of Jerusalem was  besieged by Nebuchadnezzar in the third year of Jehoiakim’s  reign, which was 605 BC  and a contingent of Jews taken captive.  Prophet Daniel was one of these individuals taken into captivity (Daniel 1: 1 & 2) .  Prophet Jeremiah revealed that  Nebuchadnezzar’s first year of reign (605 BC) coincided with Jehoiakim’s fourth year (Jeremiah 25: 1).  The seeming conflict between Daniel and Jeremiah’s account relate to the fact that the Jewish calendar began in April.

b. Jehoiachin/Coniah/Jeconiah  (Jer 37: 1o) – King and inhabitants of Jerusalem taken captive in 597 BC

Son of King Jehoiakim,  Jehoiachin was 18 years old at his coronation and reigned for only three months  (1 Kings 24: 8; 2 Chron 36:9).  He was captured in the eight year of King Nebuchadnezzar’s reign (2 Kings 24: 12).  Since 605 BC was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign, his eight year was  597 BC and also the year of Jehoiachin’s  captivity.

c. Zedekiah – King and inhabitants of Jerusalem taken captive in 586 BC.

Zedekiah  was Jeconiah’s  uncle and was appointed by Nebuchadnezzar. He was 21 years at his coronation in 597 BC and reigned for eleven years.  Nebuchadnezzar’s army besieged the city of Jerusalem and captured it in the eleventh year of Zedekiah’s reign. This was  586 BC.

Prophet Ezekiel stated at the beginning of the book that  Year 30 of the captivity coincided with the fifth year of Jehoichin’s captivity. Since Jehoiachin was taken into captivity in received the vision in the God’s action in reminding His people about their national inheritance was a way of reminding them that He had not changed His mind about their title deed, although they had been bad:

4. The vision of the nation’s boundaries took place in the twenty fifty year of which captivity?

Prophet Ezekiel said that:

  • the thirtieth year of captivity coincided with Jehoiachin’s fifth year in captivity. Jehoiachin’s first year in captivity was  597 BC and the fifth year was therefore  592 BC OR 3696 years after creation  (Ezekiel 1: 1 & 2).
  • This would mean that the first year of this captivity would have been  592 BC + 30 = 622 BC. 
  • I am stumped because there is no apparent record of this event since Nebuchadnezzar first took captives in 605 BC.
  • Thirty years after 605 BC = 575 BC
  • Was there an earlier captivity? This would be during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar’s father and the reign of King Josiah, but there is no evidence in scripture
  • Is  this a typographical error?  592 BC + 13 = 605 BC and this would indicate that Ezekiel was taken captive in 605 BC
This seems to follow, since in the subsequent chapters  Prophet Ezekiel seems to make  time references to the time of  Jehoiachin’s captivity in 597 BC. For example:
  • in the sixth year = Eze 8: 1  (591 BC)
  • in the seventh year = Eze 19: 20  (590 BC)
  • ninth year = Eze 24: 1  (588 BC)
  • tenth year – Eze 29: 1 (587 BC)
  • eleventh year – Eze 26: 1; 31: 1  (586 BC)
  • twelfth – Eze 32: 1  (585 BC)
  • twenty fifth year of his captivity – Eze 40: 1 (580 BC/3708 years after creation) and the year of the visions of the temple.

5. Why all the fuss and bother about timelines?

The historical references point to Israel’s duration of existence on titled land for a period spanning 4287 years.  Archangel Gabriel says that this is  a critical issue in any land dispute regarding Israel’s territorial and titled possessions.  God did not change His mind about Israel’s ownership of the land.  One thousand years had elapsed since the first revelation of its exact boundaries in 2798 to the time of  Prophet Ezekiel in 3708.

Humans would have forgotten, but not God. What a God we serve!


6. Israel’s boundaries are a reminder of God’s Eternal Faithfulness to His Promises and Israel’s national identity as God’s people

Israel’s territorial boundaries are important to God because they marked  the land mass of a nation of kings and priests unto Him who lived in the midst of heathen nations.  This is still largely true today.  Additionally, they reentered their territory on Abib,  which God designated as the commemoration of  the Jewish Year (contrary to popular Jewish practice today).

Israel’s national identity is built on them living on the land deeded to them by God.  God never forgot His promise to His people and reinforced this throughout history,  even at times when they were not living on their property.

We see a Divine historical emphasis on the Jewish New Year as the time when:

  • The time of the Exodus from Egypt – a reminder of their deliverance from slavery
  • Day 1o of the Jewish New Year being the a reminder of  the Passover and Jesus the Passover Lamb
  • Day 10 of the Jewish New Year as the exact commemoration of the re – entry into the Land of Promise
  • Day 10 0f  the nation’s 25th Year in captivity being a reminder of their promised land and its territorial boundaries
  • The  revelation of the land boundaries in captivity was also a reminder of God’s faithfulness to His Eternal Promise to Abraham.
One of the most important revelations is that the nation of  Israel can trace its beginnings back to the time of Israel.  Nations such as Egypt, Iran and Babylon have evidence that that these people existed and lived in territorial boundaries as early as 27o8  years after Creation.  No wonder satan tries to deny Creation!

God made sure that He made these Deliberate Divine Interconnections to confirm to the nations the territorial boundaries of the Land of Israel. This is no coincidence.  Blessings and more to come!