2. Explore the biblical usage, meaning and application of the “precious ointment”  (shemen/H8081)  which the Psalmist referenced as a comparison to unity.


 2. Unity is like the precious oil of anointing (shemen) that was poured over Aaron’s head. Note that it ran down his beard to the skirts (mouth/edge of the sword)  of his garments.


It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron’s beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments – Psalm 133: 2.


  • God told Moses to anoint Aaron into the Office of the High Priest  by pouring the anointing oil on his head – (Exodus 29: 7).
  • There was so much oil that it ran down over his beard to the hem of his garments.


As priests in the house of God, Father wants the oil of unity to flow from the tops of our heads to our feet. He wants us to live in the Spirit of Unity.

Every believer must be dedicated to Unity. God pours the oil of His Spirit over us so that we can be ONE in Him and with each other.  We must keep the Unity (one/G1520) of the Spirit in the bond of peace (Ephesians 4: 3).


Why the comparison of unity with the oil of anointing of the High Priest?

  •  The anointing oil is holy
  • God said that the oil used to anoint Aaron and sons “shall be an holy anointing oil” – Exodus 30 :25
  • like Aaron – I have found David my servant; with my holy oil  (shemen)  have I   anointed him – holy Ps 89: 20***

Holy means dedicate and dedicated in the scriptures:

  • Qadash  (H6942) is the  root word for holy = hallow, sanctify, sanctified, consecrate.

  • dedicate – 1 Chron 18: 11; 1 Chron 26: 26 – 28;   2 Kings 12: 3

  • dedicated – Judges 17: 3.



The oil of anointing means House of God – Gen 28: 10 – 22.

Believers are living stones in the House of God (1 Peter 2: 5). God wants the oil of unity to flow from the tops of our heads and down to our feet.

  • The first documentation of anointing with oil is in reference to Jacob. He had just seen the vision of  God as he ran from home – Genesis 28.
  • He woke from the vision and was afraid.
  • He said that God was in this place and I did  not know.
  • Jacob poured oil over the stones on which He had slept and
  • called the place the house of God or Bethel.
  • He promised to return to that place if God would bless him.
  • Jacob went back to Bethel when he returned from Syria and worshipped God by pouring oil on stones – Gen 35: 14 & 15.



We cannot worship without unity.

Holy anointing oil was used in the temple for:

  • light.
  • cleansing.
  • oil for sacrifices.
  • as an additive to the burnt offerings.



Unity among the believers will produce joy,  well being, fruitfulness etc in the Body of Christ.

Oil in scripture carries the meaning of: 

    • Gladness – Ps 45: 7.

  • Joy – Isa 61: 3.
  • Shining face – Ps 104: 15  and 24
  • Fatness in body – Psalm 104: 24.
  • Excellence – Ps 141 – 5
  • Fragrance – Songs of Solomon 4: 10- 1-
  • Fruitfulness – Isa 5 -1
  • Destruction of  the yoke – Isa 10: 27 vs knit in God vs yuke of division = pic of oxen yoked


TRUTH – 5 

God has an inexhaustible supply of the anointing oil of unity for His Church

Volume of unity – How much do you want?

  • oil sprinkled with the finger – Lev 14: 27.
  • a little oil in a cruse/jar – 1 Kings 17: 10.
  • horn of oil/flask – 1 Sam 16: 13.
  • log of oil = ½ liter – Lev 14: 12.
  • 1 ½ liters – the 4th part of an hin – Num 28: 5.
  • hin of oil (shemen) = 6 liters – Ex 29: 40.
  • 800, 000 L of oil = 20, 000 baths of oil – 2 Chron 20: 10
  • But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth – Acts 1: 8


TRUTH – 6 

Why was the oil poured on Aaron’s head.

The head represents God, the Head of all things.  The head represents brain or command center.  The oil was poured over Aaron as a sign that:

  • God was in Him
  • he was the house of God
  • he was holy and dedicated to God
  • he was a representative of One God.

More to come. Blessings, peace and angelic prosperity.