Background to the Land of Nod – murder of Abel and exile of Cain

I had always been puzzled about the location and identity of the Land of Nod and found the answer when writing a post titled “#Archangel #Gabriel’s Question About The Garden Of #Eden” 

The text of Genesis 4: 8 – 16 indicates that God passed judgment on Cain after he murdered his brother Abel. God told Cain that he would become a “fugitive and a vagabond” and that the earth would not be fruitful for him.

Cain believed the Word of the Lord and expressed fear that other humans would try to kill him in revenge for the death of  their brother Abel:

And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

And the LORD said unto Cain, Where [is] Abel thy brother? And he said, I know not: [Am] I my brother’s keeper?

And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto me from the ground.

And now [art] thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand;

When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.

And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment [is] greater than I can bear.

Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, [that] every one that findeth me shall slay me.

And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.

And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod (Nowd/H5113) , on the east of Eden.

Nod (Nowd/H5113)   means ‘wanderings.”

The word Nod (Nowd/H5113)  or ‘wanderings” occurs once in the King James Version of the Bible.   It was a place of exile  and solitary confinement, away from Eden/Israel, the Adam family and the “Presence of the Lord.”

The root word (nowd) 5112  tells us that Cain cried and mourned when God passed his sentence – men do cry:

Thou tellest my wanderings (nowd) 5112: put thou my tears into thy bottle: [are they] not in thy book  – Psalm 56: 8

Further responses to Cain’s exile to the Land of Nod  are revealed in nuwd 5110, another root word 

Nuwd 5110, a second root word for Nod,  gave me an extensive picture about the response made by Cain and others to the judgment that God passed on the murder of Abel.   As I wrote, I heard Archangel Gabriel telling me that the word Nod orginated because He told Cain that he would become a vagabond in the earth.   

The usage of the root word nuwd 5110  reveals the story of  Cain’s life after he murdered his brother Abel. People of the earth would become highly annoyed and tried to kill him in return in order to avenge his brother’s blood.

God had to put a mark of protection on him in order to avert further bloodshed in the earth.  While Cain killed his brother mercilessly, he was himself terrified of death and being murdered. This is the truth about the typical bully and murderer.

As I delved into nuwd the root word for Nod, I was able to make cross references that  revealed the responses made by Cain and his relatives to the judgment that God passed on Cain.

God’s response to the murder

  • God became greatly annoyed and grieved and told Cain that  he would become “a fugitive and a vagabond5110 … in the earth“- Genesis 4: 12.

Cain’s response to the murder

  • Cain confirmed that he would become “a fugitive and a vagabond5110 in the earth”– Genesis 4: 1
  • Cain was  “shaken 5110 by the judgment passed by God – 1 Kings 14: 15
  • He had to “move 5110  – 2 Kings 21: 8
  • Cain’s response to his judgement – mourn 5110, bemoan 5110 – Job 2: 11 & Job 421: 11
  • He had to “flee 5110 – Psalm 11: 1
  • He had to  “remove5110  from the family home – Psalm 36: 11, Isaiah 24: 10, Jeremiah 4: 1
  • Cain looked for pity 5110 but found none – Psalm 69: 20, Isaiah 51: 19

The response of earth’s future citizens to the murder

While earth was populated only by Adam, Eve and Cain at the time following the murder, people born into the earth (initially Cain’s siblings), would hear about it, become angry and try to kill Cain:

  • The response of his siblings was to wag 5110 their heads in astonishment at his actions and his punishment – Jeremiah 18: 16
  • They skipped for joy at his sentence – Jeremiah 48: 27

Was Babylon the Land of Nod?

As I tracked the word Nod, I found that six geographic regions were used in direct reference to  nuwd 5110 .  They are:

  • Israel, which we know to be Eden – 1 Kings 14: 15, 2 Kings 21: 8, Jeremiah 4: 1
  • Jerusalem – Garden of Eden – Jeremiah 15: 5
  • Ephraim – west of Jerusalem and located in Eden – Jeremiah 31: 8
  • Hazor   found in Jeremiah 49: 30.  Hazor was a city located in North East Israel. However, in the context of Jeremiah 49: 30, it is felt that Hazor is a city in Arabia which is located to the South of Israel. Neither Hazor would therefore apply.
  • Babylon/Land of the  Chaldeans – Jeremiah 50: 8 – located east of  Israel, according to maps of the ancient world (Encyclopedia Britannia).
  • “Ninevah” (H5210/ Niynĕveh) – Nahum 3: 7 – located North East of Israel, according to maps of the ancient world (Encyclopedia Britannia)

As we can see, Babylon is located directly East of Israel. Was Babylon the Land of Nod?


The first fugitive and vagabond in the earth

Archangel Gabriel