1. Introduction to the River of Eden

I’m studying the River of Eden which went out of Eden and parted into four heads – Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel and Euphrates:

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.

The name of the first [is] Pison: that [is] it which compasseth the whole land of  Havilah 2341, where [there is] gold

And the gold of that land [is] good: there [is] bdellium and the onyx stone.

And the name of the second river [is] Gihon: the same [is] it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia3568.

And the name of the third river [is] Hiddekel 2313: that [is] it which goeth toward the east of of Assyria. 804 And the fourth river [is] Euphrates 6578 (Genesis 2: 10 – 14).

2. The meaning of  “river” in scripture

Strong’s H5104/nahar  is the Hebrew word used for the  River  of Eden in Genesis 2: 10.    Synonyms for river/nahar  include

  • streams
  • flood
  • floods
  • Aramnaharaim

3. Specific references to the River/H5104/nahar  of Eden in scriptures

These are the references that I found in relation to the River of Eden when the Hebrew word nahar is used for river.  We see that nahar commonly is used in reference to the Euphrates:

a. Pison

  • referred to indirectly in Genesis.

b. Gihon

  • the second river  is Gihon
  • Woe  to the land  shadowing  with wings, which [is] beyond the rivers5104 of Ethiopia – Isaiah 18: 1

c. Hiddikel

  • the third river [is] Hiddekel
  • I was by the side of the great river/5104, which [is] Hiddekel – Daniel 10: 4.

d. The Euphrates

  • the fourth river [is] Euphrates
  • Unto thy seed have I given  this land, from the river5104 of Egypt unto the great  river5104, the river5104 Euphrates  – Genesis 15: 18 – repitition for emphasis
  • and unto Lebanon, unto the great river5104, the river5104 Euphrates- Deut 1: 7.
  • Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness  and Lebanon 3844, from the river5104, the river5104 Euphrates 6578, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast 1366 be – Deut 11: 24
  • From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river5104, the  river5104  Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast – Joshua 1: 4.
  • David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the  river5104 Euphrates. – 2 Samuel 8: 3
  • And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river5104 unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life – 1 Kings 4: 21 (Euphrates is implied here).
  • In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river5104 Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him. –  2 Kings 23: 29.
  • And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land: for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river5104 Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt.  – 2 Kings 24: 7.
  • And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river5104 Euphrates  – 1  Chronicles 5: 9.
  • And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river5104 Euphrates – 1 Chronicles 18: 13.
  • Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaohnecho king of Egypt, which was by the river5104 Euphrates – Jeremiah 46: 2.
  • they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river5104Euphrates – Jeremiah 46: 6.
  • the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river5104 Euphrates – Jeremiah 46: 10.
  • [[To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim 7635104  and with Aramzobah – Psalm 60: 1.

4. Aramnaharaim or Mesopotamia

The word Aramnaharaim 7635104  was used once to refer to the river of Eden: 

  • [[To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim 7635104  and with Aramzobah – Psalm 60: 1.

The dual meaning of the word river is H763 or ‘Aram Naharayim.   Mesopotamia is used five times to denote   ‘Aram Naharayim.   The first reference is in relation to “Mesopotamia the city of Nahor” who was the ancestor of Abraham.  Nahor originated from Mesopotamia or Ur of the Chaldees in Iraq.

Mesopotamia means “land between rivers” and refers to:

…  “between rivers,” referring to the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but the region can be broadly defined to include the area that is now eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, and most of Iraq…

In the narrow sense, Mesopotamia is the area between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, north or northwest of the bottleneck at Baghdad, in modern Iraq; it is Al-Jazīrah (“The Island”) of the Arabs. South of this lies Babylonia, named after the city of Babylon  (Encyclopedia Britannica).

5.  Other

  • So he (Jacob) fled with all that he had; and he rose up , and passed over the river5104   Genesis 31: 21 –
  • What river did Jacob pass over? The writer assumes that the reader knows what river he is referring to. Note that Jacob was fleeing from his Uncle Laban in Syria and returning back to Caanan, now known as Israel. What river did he cross over?

6. Comparison between river/nahar and other Hebrew words used for River:

  • River  (y@`or /2975) was commonly used in scripture to refer directly to the River Nile (43  times) and indirectly to the River Hiddikel (three times) – Daniel 12: 5 & 6.
  • River H5158 – nachal referred four times to the River of Egypt.

More to come. Blessings, peace and angelic prosperity.