1. The four heads of the River Eden

I wrote in the previous post that “A River Went Out Of Eden – The River Of EdenLet us continue on this discovery of the River of Eden and see if we can track its origin examining the Hebrew word for heads in the text of Genesis 2:

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted/H6504/parad and became into four heads (H7218/ro’sh) – Genesis 2: 10.

Genesis 2: 10 paints the following picture of the water system of Eden:

  1. a main river (River Eden) which watered the Garden (located in East Eden).
  2. the River Eden parted into four heads when it got to the Garden of Eden (the Botanical Gardens of Eden, according to Gabriel).
  3. The Hebrew word for parted indicates that the river became divided in the earth, divided in lands, separated, dispersed.


2. What does Genesis 2: 10 mean by the heads of the River Eden?

Ro’sh (H7218), the Hebrew word for heads in Genesis 2: 10.  Ro’sh (H7218) is used in scripture as follows:

a. Tops

  • tops of the mountains/mount
  • top of the hill/hill-top
  • top of the rocks
  • top of a tower (babel)
  • top of a ladder
  • top of the pillars

b. Head – of a person or animal

c. Beginning – of month

d. Companies or groups of people  – three companies, four companies

e. Chiefs as in leaders

I wondered what would be the most relevant interpretation for the word head. Indeed, we know in a literal sense that  River Eden parted into four heads at some point.  However, the  question is,  what context did the translators use in this instance when  translating the word Ro’sh?

I  believe that the River Eden parted into  FOUR other rivers from an elevated place, such as the top of a mountain or hill.  The four rivers, from this picture, then flowed down to their respective pathways.

Let us keep in mind the Temple is symbolic of the place of worship in Jerusalem which in turn is parallel to the Garden of Eden, according to Archangel Gabriel. Remember too that the Garden of Eden was located in East Eden and the entrance was located on its East border.

This heightens the picture in my mind that the Garden of Eden was located in an elevated place. History shows that early Jerusalem was built on a hill. (http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org).  We need to picture the River Eden flowing out of Jerusalem aka Garden of Eden.


3. Can we match the River Eden or one of its heads with the waters flowing from the vision of Ezekiel’s Temple in Chapter 47?

Would we get a picture from the rivers that Prophet Ezekiel saw flowing out of the new temple?  Archangel Gabriel said that Ezekiel was shown a picture of the Garden of Eden.

In  Ezekiel’s vision, waters ran out of the Temple towards the East. Thus, based on Archangel Gabriel’s revelation, we are to understand that the waters flowed from the East of the Temple or from East Jerusalem in an easterly direction.   Secondly, the waters in the vision BEGAN AS A TRICKLE then increased in volume, becoming  a deep river.

Did the River Eden start as a spring?

Match the River Gihon with Prophet Ezekiel’s vision (Ezekiel 47):

  • the front of the Temple faced the East, symbolic of the entrance to the Garden of Eden. East also was the only location from which the Glory of  God entered the temple in this vision.
  • The water began at the south of the altar, then flowed from under the threshold of the temple toward the east – flowed south-east, just like the Gihon in the time of David.
  • the angel in the vision took Prophet Ezekiel outside to the Eastern Gateway of the Temple and he saw water.
  • As Ezekiel walked further East, the water level increased to his ankles.
  • The water level increased to his knees then waist as he walked further East.
  • By the time the water depth had reached 3000 cubits, Ezekiel could not walk any further as they had become too deep. The waters had become a river
  • The Angel told Ezekiel that the water flowed towards the East, then entered the sea – Ezekiel 47: 8.


4.  Warren’s Shaft matches the flow of water revealed to Prophet Ezekiel in the vision

Excavations discovered Warren’s Shaft, an underground water tunnel with a shaft at its end. The tunnel began in the middle of the Eastern slope of the City of David, extended in a northeasterly direction, then angled sharply to the southeast.

Most importantly, the tunnel led to the waters of the Gihon Spring and allowed city residents  to draw water without going out of  the city walls in times of war.

I believe that the  Gihon Spring is one of  the heads of the River Eden. The question is, where did the other three  heads originate?

5.  The Gihon in the times of David

The Gihon Spring, same Hebrew word as Gihon in Genesis 2,  flowed on the East of Jerusalem in the time of David.  It was the only source of water of the city and originated in a cave on the eastern slope of the City of David/Jerusalem.

The spring emerged in a cave on the eastern slope of the City of David above the Kidron Valley, and from there water flowed into the valley. The Gihon watered the terraced, agricultural plots on the slope of the City of David. This area is called the “King’s Garden” (II Kings 25:4; Jeremiah 52:7; Nehemiah 3:15).


6. The Kidron Valley

A deep valley to the North East of Jerusalem, the Kidron begins  northwest of Jerusalem, at a height of 2,585 ft. It then continues eastward for about 1½ miles, then turns south at a height of 2,346 ft.

Several valleys converge with the Kidron as it runs southward. These are:

  • the Bethzeita Valley, which traverses the northeast corner of the Old City, at 2,260 ft. (686 m.)
  • from the west; the Tyropoeon Valley, which bisects the Old City, at 2,035 ft. (617 m.)
  • the Ben-Hinnom Valley, which passes the Old City on the west, at 2,000 ft. (606 m.).

The Kidron then continues in a southeasterly direction, the banks becoming steeper and more craggy. It passes the monastery of Mar Saba and issues into the Dead Sea 2 miles south of Ra’s al-Fashkha.

The height of the Kidron gives us a picture of the water flow of the Gihon. We know that there was a brook Kidron located outside of  Jersualem and at the foot of the city in Bible times. This further reinforces the imagery that the River of Eden flowed from a high place.

More to come. Blessings, peace and angelic prosperity.

Jerusalem – Water Systems of Biblical Times

ezekiels river