1. Review – The Gihon River flowed through the Kidron Valley

We learnt previously that the Gihon River flowed through the Kidron Valley, also referred to as the Valley of Jehoshaphat. The Gihon River:

… emerged in a cave on the eastern slope of the City of David above the Kidron Valley, and from there water flowed into the valley. The Gihon watered the terraced, agricultural plots on the slope of the City of David. This area is called the “King’s Garden” (II Kings 25:4; Jeremiah 52:7; Nehemiah 3:15).

We also learnt that the Kidron Valley is a

…deep valley to the North East of Jerusalem, the Kidron begins  northwest of Jerusalem, at a height of 2,585 ft. It then continues eastward for about 1½ miles, then turns south at a height of 2,346 ft.

As the valley runs southward, it is joined by several other valleys.  The Kidron continues its path,  running in a winding course through the wilderness of Judea and ending on the north-western shore of the Dead Sea (Jewish Virtual Library).

Since the Gihon River runs through the Kidron Valley, we can assume that the waters of the river also end in the Dead Sea (Easton’s Bible Dictionary).

2. The Brook Kidron

The scriptures refer to  “the brook Kidron” which was located outside of Jerusalem. A brook is a small, natural stream of fresh water.”  In this instance, the  brook Kidron refers to a stream of fresh water which flowed through the Kidron Valley.

Since the Gihon River flowed through the Kidron Valley, we can safely determine that the brook Kidron carried the waters of the Gihon River (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia). 

The brook Kidron was significant in Jewish history:

  • King David passed over the brook as he fled from his son Absalom – 2  Samuel 15: 23.
  • the brook Kidron was used on occasion as a landmark for destroying objects used by rebellious Jews in  demon worship – 1 Kings 15: 13; 2 Kings 23: 4, 6 & 23; 2 Chronicles 29: 16; 2 Chronicles 30: 14.
  • the valley was a burial place for the dead – Jeremiah 31: 40.
  • Most importantly, Lord Jesus crossed the brook on His way to Gethsemane (John 18: 1).
  • Was this the location for the coronation of King Solomon?

The brook Kidron was the landmark for a low elevation of the Kidron Valley and this is confirmed by the documentation that shows that people were able to cross the Kidron Valley at this geographic location.  Keep in mind that the Kidron Valley started at a very high elevation of  2585 feet (with rushing waters), then descended to lower elevations.

Given that the word Kidron means “turbid” (blueletterbible.org) or disturbed, cloudy, the brook Kidron must have been a safe crossing point for the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

3. The startling parallel between the end point of the Gihon River and the end point of the river seen in the vision told to us by Prophet Ezekiel

The termination of  the Gihon River in the Dead Sea is a startling parallel with Ezekiel’s vision of  the waters that ran out of the Temple (Ezekiel 47: 10). The  waters in the Prophet’s vision also ended in the Dead Sea.

How do we know that? Prophet Ezekiel wrote in Ezekiel 47: 8, that the waters that issued out of the Temple ran down to the east country (east of Jerusalem), down to the desert (wilderness of Judea) and into the sea (the Dead Sea).

He further said that:

“And it shall be [that] every living thing that moves, wherever the rivers go, will live. There will be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters go there; for they will be healed, and everything will live wherever the river goes.

It shall be [that] fishermen will stand by it from En Gedi to En Eglaim; they will be [places] for spreading their nets. Their fish will be of the same kinds as the fish of the Great Sea, exceedingly many

“But its swamps and marshes will not be healed; they will be given over to salt (Ezekiel 47: 9 – 11).

The confirmation that Prophet Ezekiel’s river ends at the Dead Sea emerges in the references to Engedi and En Eglaim:

a. Engedi “is town in the wilderness of Judah on the western shore of the Dead Sea” (blueletterbible.org) while

b.  Eneglaim is “a place on the Dead Sea; site uncertain” (blueletterbible.org)

In the post, The River Eden Parted Into Four Heads,  I wrote that Prophet Ezekiel was shown a vision of the Garden of Eden.


Brook Kidron


The Dead Sea