1. The River Gihon encompassed the whole land of Ethiopia

Father revealed in the scriptures that the “River…Gihon…compasseth the whole land of  Ethiopia.”  Here is a review of the related texts:

a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.

The name of the first [is] Pison…

And the name of the second river [is] Gihon: the same [is] it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia 3568  (Genesis 2: 10 – 14).

Behold, therefore I [am] against thee, and against thy rivers2975, and I will make  the land of Egypt utterly waste [and] desolate, from the tower 4024 of Syene5482 even unto the border 1366 of Ethiopia 3568 – Ezekiel 29: 10.

Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower 4024 of   Syene5482 shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD – Ezekiel 30: 6.

 

2. The Scriptures revealed that Ethiopia and Egypt shared borders in ancient times

Scriptures give two clear references that show that Egypt and Ethiopia shared borders at during the time of the writings of Prophet Ezekiel.  According to blueletterbible.org, the word Ethiopia 3568 occurs 20 times in 20 verses in the King James Version of the Bible.

Since Kuwsh  (Ethiopia 3568 ) is the Hebrew word used in each instance, we must conclude that the Ethiopia which the Gihon surrounds is the same Ethiopia that we know today.

Here are the two texts:

Behold, therefore I [am] against thee, and against thy rivers2975, and I will make  the land of Egypt utterly waste [and] desolate, from the tower 4024 of Syene5482 even unto the border 1366 of Ethiopia 3568 – Ezekiel 29: 10.

Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower 4024 of Syene 5482 shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD – Ezekiel 30: 6.

 

3. The Tower of Syene

The Tower of Syene (Cĕveneh) was recorded in scripture as a geographical location in Egypt. Strong’s in blueletterbible.org identified Syene as  a town on the extreme southern limits of Egypt. It was located  on the frontier of Cush/Ethiopia.

The word Tower (Migdowl/4024) is used to mean TOWER and a fortified city on the Egyptian border.  Therefore we know that Syene was an important city in Egypt’s national defense and protected the nation from southern invaders.  Scriptures also use Migdol (4024) as a synonym for Tower and Syene.  Migdol was spoken of  in reference to salvation and defense.

Therefore we better understand the relevance of Prophet Ezekiel’s prophecy that the defense of  Egypt (“those that uphold Egypt”)  would fail at the place of its southern fortification when judgment came. 

Prophet Ezekiel referred to the fortification of Syene as “those that uphold Egypt” and “the power of Egypt.”  His words reinforce the importance of  Syene in national defense. 

 

4. Scriptures often mentioned Eygpt,  Ethiopia and other Lydia together, a clue to their geographic location

Egypt and Ethiopia were mentioned together 10 times.  The location of Egypt can be determined by its association with other nations in scripture.  Lybia/Put, which today is located west of Egypt,  was  also mentioned with these two nations (Jeremiah 46: 9).

 

5. Current location of Egypt and Ethiopia

Egypt and Ethiopia are located in East Africa. A map of the world clearly shows that Egypt is located in North Africa while Ethiopia is located East, in the horn of Africa. Ethiopia is south-east of Egypt.  The current distance between Ethiopia and Egypt is 1522.7 miles or 3 hours flight time.

The Tower of Syene was located in the extreme South of Egypt. Today, Sudan and not Ethiopia is located on the southern border of Egypt.  

I asked two questions:

a.  Did Egyptian territory include the land mass currently called Sudan in ancient times? OR 

b. Did Ethiopia occupy the land mass currently called Sudan?

 

6. Did the Gihon River continue from Israel and enter Egypt as the Nile?

In the vision, Prophet Isaiah saw that the River Gihon flowed from the south of the altar then went east and to the Dead Sea.  He also saw that the river flowed down the East of the Garden of Eden (Jerusalem), it continued East to the Dead Sea.    Note too, that Egypt and Ethiopia are also located East.

Scriptures reveal that the River Gihon compassed the entire land of Ethiopia. To get to Ethiopia, which was directly south of Egypt the River Gihon must have flowed through or around  Egypt.

Josephus confirms that the Gihon runs through Egypt, and “denotes what arises from the east, which the Greeks call Nile.” 

 

OBSERVATIONS –  WAS SUDAN FORMERLY CALLED ETHIOPIA?

  1. This Map of the Nile shows that the Blue Nile flows through Sudan to Ethipoia!
  2. This map of the Nile shows that the Nile surrounds SUDAN. Was  Sudan formerly known as Ethiopia?
  3. This map of the Nile shows that it does not at all flow into the geographic region that is today called Ethiopia. 
  4. The Nile flows down East Africa to Uganda.

 

FURTHER READING

Migdal Eder – The Exact Place Of Messiah’s Birth

The Works of Flavius Josephus – Chapter 1

Was Ham Cursed Because He Was Black?

 

Blessings, peace and angelic prosperity.

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