1. Introduction to the Euphrates River

The Euphrates is one of the RIvers of Eden:

And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads …

And the name of the third river [is] Hiddekel: that [is] it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river [is] Euphrates  (Pĕrath/H6578) – Genesis 2: 10 & 14

2.  The course of the Euphrates 

Euphrates  means “fruitfulness” (Strong’s in blueleterbible.org).  Its length is 1740 miles, making it the longest river in Southwest Asia.  The Euphrates  rises in Turkey, then flows southeast across Syria and through central and western Iraq where it unites with the Tigris River.

The Euphrates  then continues as Shatt al-Arab  to to the Persian Gulf (Encyclopedia Britannica).  The River is an important source of water supply for Turkey, Syria and Iraq.

map of Iraq

Map showing the Euphrates

3. God identified the Euphrates as one of the borders of the  Nation of Israel

God first promised a portion of the Euphrates as a boundary to the Patriarch Abraham:

In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates  – Genesis 15: 18.

This promise was reinforced to the leaders Moses and Joshua prior to their entry into Israel, showing that God is not like humans and is Faithful to every promise made:

The LORD our God spake unto us in Horeb, saying, Ye have dwelt long enough in this mount:

Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all [the places] nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the River Euphrates

Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them – Deut 1: 6 – 8.

Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the River Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be  – Deuteronomy 11: 24.

From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the River Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast – Joshua 1: 4.

4. Jewish occupation of territory along the Euphrates River

The Euphrates River formed the Northern border of Israeli territory.  King David recovered the  land along the border of  the Euphrates from foreign occupation:

David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the River Euphrates – 2 Samuel 8: 3.

A Jew  called Bela occupied the land along the border of the Euphrates at one point in Israel’s history:

And since they had so many livestock in the land of Gilead, they spread east toward the edge of the desert that stretches to the  Euphrates River – 1 Chronicles 5: 9.

God sent Prophet Jeremiah to the Euphrates to carry out a rather strange action. He was  commanded to go to the Euphrates and hide his girdle in a hole in the rock, then later sent to retrieve it (Jeremiah 13: 5 – 7).

Prophet Jeremiah later documented his prophecies about the destruction of Babylon and told a Jew called Seraiah to read the prophecies, then to throw the book into the Euphrates (Jeremiah 51: 61 – 64).

The implications of the Euphrates as a  geographical boundary and other issues related to its occupation are explored in this document, “The Promised Land – From the Nile to the Euphrates?” 

The article also includes the treatment of resident aliens as commanded to Prophet Ezekiel ( Ezekiel 47:21-23).

4. Four angels live under the Euphrates and will be loosed to kill a third of the  human population

The Euphrates River is today a source of destruction and death due to pollution of its waters

Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates – Revelation 9: 14.

5. God revealed that the Euphrates River will dry up in order to prepare the way of the Kings of the East

This prophecy was given by Apostle John:

And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared –  Revelation 16: 12.


Iraq Suffers as the Euphrates River Dwindles

“The Promised Land – From the Nile to the Euphrates?”