Introduction to the assumption that the leopard is the Democratic Republic of the Congo

In a previous article, I asked the question, Which Nation Could Be The Leopard of Daniel 7: 6?”  I am about to attempt to answer this  question today with an assumption rather than a definite conclusion. My conclusions are based on the premise under which I have been writing to date:

Symbols on flags and their coat of arms are the means by which nations officially  and uniquely identify themselves. This pattern was set by God in the scripture (Nations That Are Represented As Lions).

My search showed that four the following four nations are identified with the leopard:

This finding is a far cry from the conclusions made by other writers, some of whom identified Alexander the Great as the leopard.  However, the assumption coincides with my previous argument that the leopard could refer to an African nation (The Leopard Of Daniel 7: 6).

The Democratic Republic of the Congo as the leopard?

1. The Congo is located in west-central Africa.

2. The leopard is the smallest of the cat family which could either speak to the size of the Congo in comparison to the others or to the size of the people. The country was formerly called the Belgian Congo and was inhabited by ancient Negrito peoples or the Pygmies.

3. Was the Democratic Republic of the Congo ever an Empire?

Kongo was the most sophisticated and best known kingdoms of Central Africa, emerging as early as two centuries before the Portuguese arrived  (Gondolo, 2002). Congo kingdom:

  • was located south of the Congo River and east of the Kasai river.
  • Congolese kingdom was made up of strong political institutions.
  • The king was supreme judge and legislator.
  • The people attributed political and supernatural powers to the kings.
  • The king ruled through well organized administrative systems.
  • Kingdoms had a large military force (Gondola, 2002).
  • was ruled by a King or Mani Congo from its early history. The Mani Kongo ruled over more than three million subjects by the early 15th century.  The relatively small size of the kingdom corresponds to the small size of the leopard in comparison to other members of the cat family (
  • Alvaki, King of Congo, was described as being a man of magnificence and pomp. He had a flock of peacocks (Rogers,

Gondola (2002), alluded to the system of rulership as theocratic and wrote that it was  “sometimes referred to as divine kingship,” and that Congolese kingships “provided order, stability and economic prosperity…

In my mind, this system seems to be an aberration of the Jewish system of kingships under God. Were these people Jewish by origin?

4. Were the people ever cruelly enslaved and had their backs by rulers as represented symbolically by the four wings of a fowl whose claws ploughed the back of the leopard?

Yes, slavery was well institutionalized  by the early 15th century and continued under the rule of Belgium between 1885 – 1960 ( Under the reign of  Belgium King Leopold 11, the Congo was described as the “devil’s paradise,” mainly because his lust for wealth led to brutality, exploitation and deaths of millions of Congolese people  (Gondolo, 2002).

5. The four heads could represent various entities that ruled over the region at different points in its history:

  • Congolese kings.
  • Portugal which controlled many areas of the region after the death of King Leopold in 1665. The Portuguese first arrived in 1482. (Gondolo, 2002).
  • Belgium.
  • nationalists who ruled under circumstances of instability and civil unrest from the time of independence from Belgium on June 30th, 1960.


Gondola, D. (2002). The history of Congo. Retrieved from

Rogers, J. (2010).  World’s great men of color, volume 2. Retrieved from

Further Reading

Kings of the Congo in Google Books